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Episode 1 resources

Updated: Mar 16

Guests


Sushant Divgikar is an Indian model, actor, performer, drag queen (Rani Kohinoor), singer and video jockey who appears in television shows and films. In July 2014, he was crowned Mr Gay India 2014. He represented India at Mr Gay World 2014 and was named one of Forbes30under30-Asia class of 2020. He is widely known for participating in India's TV reality show Bigg Boss 8.


Amish Tripathi is a renowned author and columnist with ever-widening knowledge of the Indian Mythology, Amish Tripathi is a household name for many Indians. He is the author or the Shiva Trilogy and the Director of the Nehru Centre in London. Amish Tripathi has been constantly striving to help us reflect back on our roots and enhance our knowledge regarding Indian Mythology, where our beliefs are lay. He truly is committed to his work to help steer away from misconstrued norms!



UNDP Human Development report - social norms index : link


Close to 90 percent of men and women hold some sort of bias against women, providing new clues to the invisible barriers women face in achieving equality.

  • India ranks 129 out of 189 countries on the 2019 Human Development Index (HDI) — up one slot from the 130th position last year — according to the Human Development Report (HDR) released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on Monday.


Global Gender Gap Report http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2020.pdf

  • released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2011, India was ranked 113 on the Gender GapIndex (GGI) among 135 countries polled. Since then, India has improved its rankings on the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index (GGI) to 105/136 in 2013.

  • India is ranked 112 out of 153 in 2020


https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/world/too-many-men/

  • In China and India (together), men outnumber women by 70 million. Both nations are belatedly trying to come to grips with the policies that created this male-heavy generation By Simon Denyer and Annie Gowen Illustrations by Jasu Hu. based on UN stats Link:

  • “The gender imbalance could prompt a “crisis of masculinity” as traditional roles are upended and males embrace socially regressive stances to prove their manhood, said Prem Chowdhry, a researcher and social scientist in New Delhi. “People devalue their masculinity. If they remain single, they will be declared not men at all. The basic function of a man in rural society is to have a family and look after that family.”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/world/too-many-men/

  • India, a country that has an excess of 37 million males, according to its most recent census. The number of newborn female babies compared with males has continued to plummet, even as the country grows more developed and prosperous. The imbalance creates a surplus of bachelors and exacerbates human trafficking, both for brides and, possibly, prostitution. Officials attribute this to the advent of sex-selective technology in the last 30 years, which is now banned but still in widespread practice.

  • The gender imbalance could prompt a “crisis of masculinity” as traditional roles are upended and males embrace socially regressive stances to prove their manhood, said Prem Chowdhry, a researcher and social scientist in New Delhi. “People devalue their masculinity. If they remain single, they will be declared not men at all. The basic function of a man in rural society is to have a family and look after that family.”







Wife beating numbers


NHFS-4: 2015-2016. Link: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/pdf/NFHS4/India.pdf

  • 51.6% of Indian women age 15-49 and men at 42.2% between the ages of 15-49 believe that at least one of the following women’s transgressions, from not having food ready to denying sex, justify a beating by their husbands. (The government National Family and Health Survey done once every Decade)

  • *the percentage showing is in relation to believing that at least one of the previous women’s transgressions listed above justify wife beating (page 542)

Women

  • 42.9% of women with 12 or more years of education justify beating women

  • 56% of women in poverty believe that women deserve beatings

  • 55.6% of the middle wealth group believe that women deserve beatings

  • 51.7% in the next higher wealth level believe that women deserve beatings

  • 40.7 in the wealthiest level believe that women deserve beatings

  • 18.5% of women experience physical violence in the highest wealth bracket

Men

· 41.8% of men with 12 or more years of education justify beating women

· 46.3% of men in poverty believe that women deserve beatings

· 45.7% of men in the middle wealth group believe that women deserve beatings

· 43.8% of men in the next higher wealth level believe that women deserve beatings

· 33.7% of men in the wealthiest level believe that women deserve beatings



World Values Survey


  1. On a ten point scale (1=never justifiable, 10=always justifiable) asking if men beating their wives was justifiable, Indian men thought men beating their wives was twice as justifiable as men in the USA did (M=3.31 vs M=1.66 in 2006).

  2. Respondents from both countries reported a positive change in 2011, especially men in India, reporting that men beating their wives was significantly less justifiable than they did previously (M=1.89 vs M=1.57).

Suicide rates


(NCRB 2019) National Crime Records Bureau https://ncrb.gov.in/sites/default/files/Chapter-2-Suicides_2019.pdf


  • India reported an average 381 deaths by suicide daily in 2019, totalling 1,39,123 fatalities over the year, according to the latest

  • A 3.4 percent increase was observed in suicides during 2019 (1,39,123 suicides) as compared to 2018 (1,34,516) and 2017 (1,29,887), the data showed.

  • For every 100 suicide deaths, 70.2 were male and 29.8 females, the NCRB, which collects data from police recorded cases, stated.

  • Family problems (other than marriage-related issues) were behind 32.4 percent of suicides, marriage-related problems (5.5 per cent) and illness (17.1 per cent) together accounted for 55 per cent of the total suicides in the country during 2019, it stated.

  • Of females who committed suicides, highest number (21,359) was of house-wives followed by students (4,772)

  • House- wives accounted for 51.5% of the total female victims (21,359 out of 41,493) and constitute nearly 15.4% of total victims who committed suicides (21,359 out of 1,39,123) during 2019. -

  • Since 2001, more than 20,000 housewives have killed themselves every year in India.

Source: In 2019, at least one student died by suicide every hour in India. The Year recorded the highest number of student suicides, 10,335 https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/a-student-commits-suicide-every-hour-/articleshow/78102907.cms


Rape stats



(NCRB 2019) National Crime Records Bureau


  • The first most frequently reported motivation for rape was that men beleived they have the right to sex regardless of consent

  • The second most frequently reported motivation for rape was related to entertainment-seeking—fun or due to boredom—followed by anger or punishment.

  • A total of 32,033 cases of rape were lodged in 2019 - against woman (India reported 4,05,861 cases of crimes against women in 2019 )

  • Majority of these cases under Indian Penal Code were registered under ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives’ (30.9 per cent) followed by ‘Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty’ (21.8 per cent), ‘kidnapping and abduction of women’ (17.9 per cent),

  • Crimes against women registered a 7.3% increase from 3.78 lakh cases in 2018 to 4.05 lakh cases in 2019


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